Trichostatin A-induced apoptosis is mediated by Kruppel-like factor 4 in ovarian and lung cancer
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BACKGROUND: The istone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) is known to mediate the regulation of gene expression and anti proliferation activity in cancer cells. Kruppel-like factor 4 (klf4) is a zinc finger- containing transcription factor of the SP/KLF family, that is expressed in a variety of tissues and regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, tumorigenesis, and apoptosis. It may either either function as a tumor suppressor or an oncogene depending on genetic context of tumors. AIMS: In this study, we tested the possibility that TSA may increase klf4 expression and cancer cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in SKOV-3 and A549 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cytotoxicity of TSA was determined using the MTT assay test, while klf4 gene expression was assessed by real time PCR and to ability of TSA to induce apoptosis using a Vybrant Apoptosis Assay kit. RESULTS: Our results showed that TSA exerted dose and time dependent cytotoxicity effect on SKOV-3 and A549 cells. Moreover TSA up-regulated klf4 expression. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that apoptosis was increased after TSA treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, this study showed that TSA increased klf4 expression in SKOV3 and A549 cell lines, consequently, klf4 may played a tumor-suppressor role by increasing both cell growth inhibition and apoptosis. This study sheds light on the details of molecular mechanisms of HDACI-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.