Detailed analysis of total colectomy on health-related quality of life in adult patients with ulcerative colitis
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Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the quality of life (QoL) in a group of patients who had an intractable disease on medical therapy including biologics and underwent surgery. Background: Quality of life of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) has been measured with a series of multiple questionnaires Methods: An observational cross sectional study was carried out on 68 patients with documented UC referring to an IBD clinic in a tertiary hospital. Patients with UC who had a colectomy because of intractable disease and were in remission for a year were eligible for enrollment Patients were instructed to fill the SF-36 Questionnaire (interviewer-administered) regarding quality of life. Side effects were evaluated with another questionnaire. Results were compared with the normal population of the community. Results: In comparison with normal population, patients having colectomy have better general QoL. Impotency and incontinency were most common adverse events after colectomy while the adverse events that decreased the QoL significantly were anal secretions and number of bowel movements per day without using antidiarrheal- drugs. Conclusion: In conclusion, our study showed a significant improvement of general QoL in a selected group of UC patients, who were in clinical remission following IPAA and only number of bowel movements per day and anal secretions significantly impaired their QoL. We suggest that a disease-specific questionnaire should be designed, making changes in health-related QOL more detectable over time, since it is more sensitive to these changes in IBD patients than a general questionnaire. é 2017 RIGLD, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases.