Moral intelligence and resilience in nursing students and nurses working in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in 2017
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Abstract Background & Aims: Understanding psychological functions and their relationship among nurses as the greatest human resources in health systems is important. The stressful conditions of the nursing profession and the inadequate experience encounter students with many problems. Resilience as a basic skill in coping with problems as well as moral intelligence to distinguish between correct and incorrect conditions is one of the requirements of nursing students. Moral intelligence and Resiliency play an important role in preventing burnout and promoting mental health. The aim of the study was to determine relationship between moral intelligence and resilience in nursing students and nurses working in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in 2017. Material & Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on the participation of 280 nursing students at the Tabriz Nursing Faculty and 420 nurses in hospitals affiliated to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences who were selected using stratified sampling and . Data gathering tools included a demographic characteristics questionnaire, the Lennik and Kiel's moral intelligence questionnaire and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Data was analyzed using Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation) and analytical tests (Pearson correlation coefficient, linear regression, one-way ANOVA, and independent t-test) by SPSS 13 software. Results: The total mean score of moral intelligence was (157.08 ± 17.15) and resiliency (98.51 ± 12.97). In moral intelligence, the highest mean in responsibility dimension (3/96± 0.53) the lowest mean was related to the dimension of forgiveness (3.79 ± 0.53).The highest mean in resilience dimension was in spirituality (4.21± 0.67) and the lowest mean relating to the dimension of trust (3.76 ± 0.59). Moral intelligence had a statistically significant relationship with all dimensions of resilience (p <0.001). Also moral intelligence had a statistically significant relationship with work experience (p <0.001). Resilience had a statistically significant relationship with gender (p <0.05). The total score of moral intelligence in nursing students was at a good level of (78.53 ± 9.41) ranging from (20-100), and moral intelligence had a statistically significant relationship with economic status P≤0.02. Moreover, the total score of resilience was at a high level of (95.51 ± 14.11) ranging from (25-125). For the dimensions of moral intelligence, the highest mean was related to the “compassionate” dimension of (3.80 ± 0.51 )and the lowest mean was related to the forgiveness component (3.68 ± 0.52) of domain 5 for students Resilience was observed to have a statistically significant relationship with both economic status and age. The regression model is meaningful and the moral intelligence can predict resiliency. Conclusion: Due to the fact that moral intelligence is acquired and its relation to resiliency, it is necessary to hold relevant educational courses for nurses and nursing students.