Transvaginal ultrasonography compared with Bishop score for predicting cesarean section after induction of labor
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Background: Reproductive health researchers are interested in fnding better methods for predicting an unwanted type of delivery after induction of labor. The aim of this study was to compare the value of transvaginal ultrasonography fndings and the Bishop score in predicting cesarean section after induction of labor. Methods: Two hundred women with singleton pregnancies undergoing induction of labor at 37-42 weeks were enrolled in this prospective study. Transvaginal investigation was done for all participants prior to induction. To compare the predictive value of the methods, receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted and equality of the area under curve (AUC) was tested. Results: The mean age of the participants was 29.9 years, mean gestational age was 39.6 weeks, and mean gravid was 1.5. The AUC calculated for Bishop score was 0.39 (95% confdence interval [CI] 0.3-0.48). The AUC for cervical length measured by ultrasonography was 0.69 (95% CI 0.6-0.77). The AUC for the posterior cervical angle measured by ultrasonography was 0.38 (95% CI 0.29-0.47). Testing equality of the ROC curves for these three methods showed the ROC for cervical length to be statistically different from both Bishop score and posterior cervical angle (P< 0.001). However, the difference in ROC area compared between Bishop score and posterior cervical angle was not statistically signifcant. Conclusion: Based on our fndings and available information in the literature, it seems that cervical length measured by transvaginal ultrasonography has the potential to replace the traditional Bishop score, provided that such a facility is available when needed. ط¢آ© 2011 Schindler, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd.