The frequency of bacterial contamination and diversity of drug resistance patterns in devices and staffof endoscopy and colonoscopy units
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Background: This study aimed at analyzing microbial contamination in medical equipment, environment, and staffof a gastroenterology unit. Methods: Samples of gastrointestinal imaging devices, the environment, and staffwere collected using standard swab-rinse technique and biochemical or molecular characteristics of the isolates, their susceptibility to antibiotics, and similarity of the resistance patterns were investigated. Results: Out of 107 samples, bacterial contamination was detected in the hands of staff(54.1%), imaging devices (56.7%), and in the environment (54.5%). While Pseudomonas spp. were detected only in the imaging devices (13.5%), Bacillus spp. (32.4% and 31.5%), Enterococcus spp. (14.3% and 5.9%), Clostridium difficile (10.8% and 10.5%), and Staphylococcus epidermidis (5.4% and 15.9%) were orderly the most common isolates from samples of the imaging devices and the environment. Nearly, 40% of P. aeruginosa strains were resistant to cefepime, while resistance to cephalosporins and ?-lactamase inhibitor was detected in 33% and 75% of S. aureus strains, respectively. Homology of resistance patterns was detected between the imaging devices and hands of the staff. Conclusion: Our results proposed biofilm and spore forming bacteria as main contaminants of imaging devices in this hospital. Homology of the resistance patterns proposed involvement of staffin contamination of the equipment. © Iran University of Medical Sciences.