Seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis in childbearing women of Northwest Iran [Sieroepidemiologia della toxoplasmosi in donne in et fertile in Iran nord-occidentale]
MetadataShow full item record
Toxoplasma gondii causes the most common parasitic infection in the world. Congenital transmission, prenatal mortality and abortion are major problems of T. gondii. Prevalence of toxoplasmosis is high in Iran, especially in Azerbaijan. The current literature reviewed in this paper reveal results pertaining to various regions of Iran. The present cross-sectional e-study was designed to evaluate the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in childbearing women in Northwest Iran. We evaluated 1659 women in childbearing age from several cities in Northwestern Iran (Tabriz, Maragheh, Ahar, Marand, Sarab, Miane) from July 2009 to August 2010. Women aged between 20 and 40 years and seeking prenatal care were enrolled in the study. The subjects' sera were probed with indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA). A total of 1659 subjects were examined. Titres ranged from 1:100 to 1:800. In all, 899 subjects (54.13%) were seropositive. The highest frequency of seropositivity was shown in 1:200 dilution (36.08%) and in subjects from Maragheh (84% of 211 subjects). There was a direct linear relationship between seropositivity and age (p<0.001). Also, seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis was higher in subjects with primary school/lower educational level (p<0.001) and subjects living in rural regions (p<0.001). Overall, more than 50% of women in childbearing age were seropositive for toxoplasmosis in northwestern Iran. Increasing seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis with age was a predictable result due to longer exposure to the parasite. The relationship between increasing seroprevalence and lower educational level as well as living in rural areas is in line with the latest epidemiological findings, which also show such relationships due to lower socioeconomic status.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Dahifar, H; Faraji, A; Yassobi, S; Ghorbani, A (2007)Objective. Inadequate sunlight exposure and calcium intake during rapid growth at puberty lead to hypocalcemia, hypovitaminosis D and eventually to overt rickets. To determine serum biochemical findings of rickets in healthy ...
HIGH MYOPIA and DIABETIC RETINOPATHY:A Contralateral Eye Study in Diabetic Patients with High Myopic Anisometropia Bazzazi, N; Akbarzadeh, S; Yavarikia, M; Poorolajal, J; Fouladi, DF (2017)Purpose: To examine an association between high myopia and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in diabetic patients with high myopic anisometropia. Methods: A total of 116 white diabetic patients (232 eyes) with high myopia (spherical ...
Lack of association of CASC8 rs1447295 with colorectal cancer in Iranian population: A multicenter case-control study Haerian, MS; Haerian, BS; Molanaei, S; Kosari, F; Sabeti, S; Bidari-zerehpoosh, F; Abdolali, E (2017)Several studies reported the potential role of the rs1447295 polymorphism in susceptibility to cancer. This variant located in the cancer susceptibility candidate 8 (CASC8) is a long noncoding RNA (lnRNA) gene and does not ...