Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery in severe left ventricular dysfunction
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Our aim was to examine hospital outcomes of coronary artery bypass surgery in patients with and without left ventricular dysfunction, with regard to the surgical technique (off- or on-pump). Between March 2007 and March 2008, 689 consecutive patients underwent isolated first-time coronary artery bypass; 127 had ejection fractions ?30% (group 1) and 562 had ejection fractions >30% (group 2). Data of preoperative risk profiles and hospital outcomes were collected prospectively. Off-pump operations were performed in 49 (38.6%) patients in group 1 and 196 (34.9%) in group 2. The incidences of infectious, neurologic, and cardiac complications postoperatively were significantly higher in group 1. In multivariate analysis, preoperative ejection fraction ?30% was found to be an independent risk factor for postoperative complications and hospital mortality. The subgroup of patients undergoing off-pump surgery in both groups had a significantly lower rate of total complications than those undergoing conventional on-pump operations, but no significant difference in mortality was observed between those undergoing off-pump or conventional surgery in either group. Off-pump surgery helped to limit the increased morbidity rate after coronary bypass in patients with ventricular dysfunction. © SAGE Publications 2009.
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