Molecular spectrum of ?-thalassemia mutations in Northwestern Iran
Hosseinpour Feizi, MA
Hosseinpour Feizi, AA
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?-Thalassemia (?-thal) is a hereditary autosomal disorder with decreased or absent ?-globin chain synthesis. This study was designed to identify the common and rare ?-thal mutations in the Azerbaijan provinces, Northwestern Iran, and to set up a prenatal diagnostic laboratory. One hundred unrelated patients with known ?-thal major and intermedia, registered with the thalassemia clinics in the provincial capitals of Tabriz and Ardebil, were included. Mutations were studied in 200 chromosomes, by polymerase chain reaction-amplification refractory mutation system (PCR-ARMS) and direct sequencing methods. We found 17 ?-thal mutations in this region of Iran. The results showed that IVS-II-1 (G?A) was the most frequent mutation, comprising 21% of all mutations. Other common mutations were IVS-I-110 (G?A) 18%, frameshift codons (FSC) 8/9 (+G) 14.5%, FSC 8 (-AA) 8% and IVS-I-1 (G?A) 7.5%. This is the first comprehensive study in this region and could be useful for developing a ?-thal molecular screening in Azerbaijan-Iran. Copyright ط¢آ© Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.