Effects of citicoline on level of consciousness, Serum level of fetuin-A and matrix A-protein (MGP) in trauma patients with diffuse axonal injury (DAI) and GCS?8 [Yayg?n akson hasar? ve gks <8 olan travma hastalar?nda sitikolinin bilinçlilik durumu, Serum fetuin-A ve matriks Gla-protein (MGP) düzeyleri ?zerine etkileri]
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BACKGROUND: Citicoline, a neuroprotective drug, has been suggested to improve level of consciousness, mitigating secondary to brain damage and ectopic vascular calcification, following post-traumatic neurogenesis and angiogenesis, inducing calcification modulators, like fetuin-A and matrix Gla-protein (MGP). This study aimed to investigate effects of citicoline on levels of consciousness, serum levels of fetuin-A and MGP in patients with severe traumatic brain injury.METHODS: This double blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted on patients with diagnosis of diffuse axonal injury (DAI) and GCS<8. The cases were treated with citicoline (500 mg every 6 hours) intravenously for fifteen days. Daily GCS assessment and intermittent blood sampling were done for both cases and controls.RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients were included in the study and during the study period, mean GCS levels improved in both groups; however, the difference was inconsiderable (p>0.05). Serum levels of fetuin-A, a negative phase reactant, increased in the group treated with citicoline (p=0.0l2), while these changes were insignificant for the controls (p=0.455). Serum levels of MGP, a calcification inhibitor, increased in the cases (p=0.046). The alterations were inconsequential in the control group (p=0.405).CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest neutral effects of citicoline on level of consciousness and GCS. Through increasing levels of fetuin-A and MGP, citicoline may have protective effects against inflammatory damage and vascular calcification secondary to head trauma. © 2014 TJTES.
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