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dc.contributor.authorAminabadi, NA
dc.contributor.authorSohrabi, A
dc.contributor.authorOskouei, SG
dc.contributor.authorAghaee, S
dc.contributor.authorJamali, Z
dc.contributor.authorGhojazadeh, M
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-26T08:51:27Z
dc.date.available2018-08-26T08:51:27Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.urihttp://dspace.tbzmed.ac.ir:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/53399
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The purpose of this study was to design and examine the validity of a scale that uses the verbal performance of children as an indicator of dental anxiety. Methods: A total of 128 healthy 4- to 6-year-olds were included. The first sessions consisted of a dental examination; in the second session, identical dental treatment was provided to all subjects. In each session, a short communication was done for verbal assessment. During treatment, Frankl and clinical anxiety rating scales were utilized to assess the child's anxiety. Construct validity was assessed using Spearman's correlation coefficient; a factor analysis, concurrent validity, and inter-rater reliability were determined by kappa agreement statistics. Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used to assess the difference between sexes. Results: The agreement between the raters was high and significant (k=0.71, P<.001). Intraclass correlation coefficient of 50 same children (28 boys and 22 girls) across a 2-week period showed a strong correlation (correlation=0.8, P<.001). Spearman's correlation coefficient revealed a high and significant correlation between the measures (P<.001). The kappa values ranged from 0.58 to 0.67, suggesting moderate to good agreement between measures. Conclusions: The verbal skill scale is a reliable and valid measure of assessing child dental anxiety in a clinical context.
dc.language.isoEnglish
dc.relation.ispartofPediatric Dentistry
dc.subjectarea under the curve
dc.subjectarticle
dc.subjectchild
dc.subjectchild behavior
dc.subjectcomparative study
dc.subjectcrying
dc.subjectdental anxiety
dc.subjectdental procedure
dc.subjectdoctor patient relation
dc.subjectfacial expression
dc.subjectfemale
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectpreschool child
dc.subjectpsychological aspect
dc.subjectpsychometry
dc.subjectreceiver operating characteristic
dc.subjectsensitivity and specificity
dc.subjectsex difference
dc.subjectstatistics
dc.subjectvalidation study
dc.subjectverbal behavior
dc.subjectArea Under Curve
dc.subjectChild
dc.subjectChild Behavior
dc.subjectChild, Preschool
dc.subjectCrying
dc.subjectDental Anxiety
dc.subjectDental Care
dc.subjectDentist-Patient Relations
dc.subjectFacial Expression
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectPsychometrics
dc.subjectROC Curve
dc.subjectSensitivity and Specificity
dc.subjectSex Factors
dc.subjectVerbal Behavior
dc.titleDesign and preliminary validation of the verbal skill scale in the dental setting: An anxiety scale for children
dc.typeArticle
dc.citation.volume35
dc.citation.issue2
dc.citation.spageE43
dc.citation.epageE48
dc.citation.indexScopus
dc.citation.URLhttps://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/aapd/pd/2013/00000035/00000002/art00018


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