Cross-linked polyelectrolyte and its function in adsorption of fluid and excess nitrogen waste products: An experimental study on dialysate effluent fluid
Tayebi Khosroshahi, H
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Introduction. One of the most important issues in patients with chronic kidney disease is fluid retention and volume overload accompanied by retention of nitrogenous waste products and some electrolytes. Bowel fluid contains high levels of urea, creatinine, uric acid, and electrolytes, which make it a potential candidate for intestinal excretion of nitrogen wastes and electrolytes. Cross-linked polyelectrolyte (CLP) is a polymer that, given orally, absorbs excess fluid, electrolyte, and nitrogenous waste products. Materials and Methods. In an experimental study on 30 hemodialysis patients, the effect of CLP on adsorption of fluid, urea, creatinine, uric acid, sodium, and potassium were evaluated. For this purpose, 500 mL of effluent fluid of each patient were collected at the 1st hour of dialysis. The concentrations of the abovementioned products were measured by standard methods. Then the dialysate effluent samples were treated with 6 g of CLP and incubated for 4 hours at 37آ°C. Results. Up to 80% of effluent fluid water was adsorbed by CLP. There were significant reductions in urea, creatinine, uric acid, and sodium levels in the remaining effluent fluid (P < .001). In contrast, the amount of potassium increased in the effluent fluid. Conclusions. Using CLP in addition to functional medical super adsorbents can be a possible adequate substitute for conventional dialysis methods, especially hemodialysis. é 2017, Iranian Society of Nephrology. All rights reserved.