Health Promoting Behaviors and Their Relationship With General Health in Menopausal Women of Langroud City
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Objectives: Health promoting behaviors and healthy lifestyle are the main ways to maintain health. Wrong lifestyle in menopausal women is the reason of many serious side-effects of this period. On the other hand, health is undoubtedly the most important aspect of human life; therefore, this study was conducted to determine the state of health promoting behaviors and their relationship with general health in menopausal women in Langroud city, Gilan province in 2013. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 400 menopausal women at the age range of 45-60 living in Langroud were randomly selected. The data were collected using demographic questionnaire, Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-II) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) by referring to the houses. Statistical tests of Pearson, t test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multivariate linear regression were used to analyze data. Results: Mean (standard deviation) of health promoting behaviors' total score was 2.6 (0.3). The highest score of lifestyle was related to spiritual growth, 3.6 (0.4), and the lowest score was related to physical activity, 1.6 (0.3). Mean (standard deviation) of the total score of general health was 21.3 (6.9) and 26.7% of women were not in good health. There was a significant statistical relationship between health promoting behaviors and general health. Conclusion: The results showed that health promoting behaviors in menopausal women were average; therefore, some solutions should be designed and performed for health promoting behaviors and general health in menopausal women in order to reach to favorable state.