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The middle perforated substance of the diencephalon
The diencephalon, upper brain stem and other basal brain structures are supplied chiefly by penetrating branches of the cerebral arteries. We examined the retrochiasmatic space between the superior border of the pons and ...
The split flexor digitorum superficialis
Variations of the muscles of the anterior forearm are common. We report the cadaveric findings of an unusual variant of flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS). The deep part of the FDS was found to be split and showed two ...
Contributions of the fourth spinal nerve to the brachial plexus without prefixation: Laboratory investigation
Object. The intradural contributions of the C-4 nerve rootlets have not been previously evaluated for their connections to the brachial plexus. The authors undertook a cadaveric study to evaluate the C-4 contributions to ...
Hindbrain herniation: A review of embryological theories
Herniation of the hindbrain outside of the setting of intracranial hypertension, trauma, and brain tumors is an uncommon phenomenon with estimated incidence of less than 1%. In the late 1890's, Hans Chiari, a German ...